AI in healthcare use cases  and benefits

AI in Healthcare

Mikołaj Brach - Business Development Manager
7 minutes read

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the technology that enables computers and machines to perform tasks that typically require human input. AI involves developing computer systems that can learn from data, make decisions, and solve problems autonomously.

AI is revolutionizing many, if not all industries, and that of course includes healthcare. Despite facing certain barriers, AI offers unprecedented improvements and benefits, as well as boasting many impactful use cases.

If you want to know more about all of this – the remarkable benefits, challenges, and real-world applications of Artificial Intelligence in healthcare – keep reading.

Benefits of AI in healthcare

Integrating artificial intelligence into healthcare is no longer a futuristic concept, but a modern reality that is changing the industry. See what benefits it brings below.

Making diagnoses more accurate and faster

AI enhances the accuracy and speed of medical diagnoses by leveraging advanced algorithms to interpret complex medical data. That’s because analysis of patterns from different sources enables the early identification of diseases, when they are more easily treatable.

This rapid and accurate diagnostic capability is especially crucial in conditions for which early intervention can dramatically affect the outcomes, such as with strokes. The ability to quickly arrive at a correct diagnosis means that treatment can start sooner, which can potentially save lives and improve long-term health outcomes.

Providing better patient care and understanding individual needs

AI contributes to a more personalized healthcare experience by integrating and analyzing data from diverse sources, including:

  • patient records
  • wearables
  • genetic tests

This holistic view allows healthcare providers to understand individual patient needs deeply and tailor care plans accordingly.

AI-driven tools and applications can monitor patient health in real time, offer personalized treatment recommendations, as well as even predict and prevent potential health issues before they arise. Such a level of individualized care improves patient outcomes, enhances patient engagement, and boosts satisfaction.

Creating long-term savings by using smart tools

Moreover, AI-driven technologies offer the potential for significant long-term cost savings by:

  • optimizing operational efficiencies
  • reducing unnecessary procedures
  • shortening the time to diagnosis and treatment

Smart AI tools can streamline administrative processes, from scheduling and patient flow management to billing and compliance. As such, these tools can minimize overhead costs and free up healthcare professionals to focus on their patients.

Additionally, by improving diagnostic accuracy and treatment effectiveness, this technology can reduce the overall cost of care. That’s because it mitigates the need for repeat tests, cuts down on hospital readmission rates, and avoids costly complications.

Artificial Intelligence in healthcare: use cases

Given the above mentioned advantages, AI can clearly support doctors in many fields. For example, personalizing treatment plans, identifying new drugs development, and managing healthcare operations more effectively.

Check out these 9 significant AI use cases in healthcare.

AI in disease detection: working on medical images

Example: An AI system accurately identifies early-stage cancer from images.

AI diagnoses involve algorithms that work based on medical images, genetic information, and clinical data to identify diseases accurately and enable doctors to recognize patterns and anomalies indicative of specific conditions.

For instance, AI can detect subtle signs of diseases like cancer in imaging scans earlier than traditional methods can. As a result, AI can lead to earlier interventions and improved patient outcomes. This speed helps streamline the patient's journey from symptom onset to treatment.

AI treatment with precision based on genetic data

Example: AI helps tailor a treatment plan based on a patient's genetic makeup and lifestyle data.

Precision medicine leverages AI to analyze many different types of data and allows treatments to be tailored to individual patient characteristics. Since AI understands the genetic mutations associated with diseases, its algorithms can predict which procedures are most likely to be effective for a particular patient.

What’s more, AI can reduce the trial-and-error approach often associated with medical treatments. As a result, this technology improves the efficacy of treatments, minimizes the risk of adverse reactions, and ultimately leads to better patient care.

AI for drug development in severe diseases such as Alzheimer's

Example: AI accelerates the development of a new drug for Alzheimer's by predicting molecule effectiveness.

AI transforms drug discovery by predicting the therapeutic potential of molecules and simulating their interactions with biological targets. This process, which traditionally takes years and significant financial investment, is made more efficient by AI's ability to analyze and learn from biochemical data quickly.

Application of AI can also help identify promising drug candidates, optimize their structures, and even predict their safety profiles. This can shorten the time and limit the costs associated with bringing new drugs to market.

AI-enhanced telemedicine

Example: AI-powered platforms offer real-time medical consultations and improve access to healthcare for remote populations.

In telemedicine, AI enhances patient care by providing diagnostic support, personal health monitoring, and management advice through digital platforms. AI-powered chatbots can reduce the burden on healthcare providers by conducting initial patient assessments in order to prioritize cases based on urgency and even offering basic medical advice. For chronic conditions, AI algorithms can monitor patient-reported symptoms and vital signs from wearable devices.

AI also offers personalized recommendations and can alert healthcare providers about potential health issues. In this way, artificial intelligence makes healthcare more accessible and responsive.

AI predictive analytics for disease outbreaks

Example: AI predicts an impending flu outbreak in a community and allows healthcare providers to prepare in advance.

Predictive analytics uses AI to study historical and real-time data and forecast future healthcare events, such as disease outbreaks or patient hospital readmissions. Such a proactive approach helps in optimizing healthcare resources and improving patient outcomes.

AI models can identify risk factors in the data to predict which patients are most at risk of developing certain conditions, thus enabling early intervention and more effective disease management.

AI in clinical trials for heart problems

Example: AI streamlines participant selection for a clinical trial of a new heart disease drug.

AI revolutionizes clinical trials by optimizing participant selection, monitoring, and analyzing the results. Thanks to examining electronic health records and other health data, AI can identify potential trial participants who meet specific criteria and significantly speed up the recruitment process.

During the trial, AI algorithms monitor real-time data from participants and identify adverse reactions or significant outcomes early. This can help in adjusting trial parameters promptly and ensuring the trial's success.

AI in mental health support

Example: AI applications provide personalized cognitive behavioral therapy to individuals with depression.

AI also supports mental health care. Its algorithms can analyze patient behavior and detect signs of mental health issues such as depression or anxiety. Moreover, AI-powered platforms can deliver personalized therapy sessions, track patient progress, and adjust treatment plans based on real-time feedback to offer accessible and effective mental health support.

AI-optimized medical management

Example: AI optimizes hospital staffing and resource allocation.

AI also improves medical management through optimization of resource planning, scheduling, and patient flow within healthcare facilities to forecast patient admissions and peak times and allow hospitals to manage their staff efficiently. Artificial intelligence can also automate administrative tasks such as inventory management and billing, reducing overhead costs and allowing healthcare providers to focus more on patient care as a result.

AI to boost electronic health records (EHRs)

Example: AI algorithms extract and synthesize relevant information from EHRs.

AI enhances the utility of EHRs by extracting, organizing, and interpreting the vast amounts of data contained within them. These algorithms can analyze clinical notes, extract valuable insights, and present them to healthcare providers in an easily digestible format. This improves the accuracy and completeness of patient records, as well as supporting clinical decision making by providing timely information and predictive insights directly into the workflow of healthcare professionals.

Barriers and challenges to AI implementation in healthcare

The integration of artificial intelligence into healthcare, while promising, is not without its barriers. There are some challenges that must be addressed in order to take full advantage of the potential of AI in this industry.

Getting the accurate data for AI in healthcare

Healthcare data are often difficult to aggregate and standardize because they are fragmented, siloed across different institutions, and/or exist in various formats. Moreover, the data must be comprehensive and representative to avoid biases that could lead to inaccurate predictions or diagnoses.

Overcoming these hurdles requires focusing on data collection, integration, and cleaning to create reliable datasets that can effectively train AI systems.

Keeping patient information private and secure

Patient privacy and data security are other critical concerns. With AI systems requiring access to vast amounts of personal health information, there's a heightened risk of data breaches and privacy violations. Checking the security of AI systems and maintaining patient confidentiality calls for robust encryption, secure data storage solutions, and strict adherence to privacy regulations such as HIPAA in the United States.

Building these protections into AI systems from the outset is essential to safeguard patient information.

High initial investments for AI in healthcare

The development and implementation of AI in healthcare requires substantial financial investment. Costs include not only the technology itself, but also the infrastructure upgrades needed to support AI systems, such as advanced computing capabilities and secure data storage.

Keep in mind your budget should cover training AI models, integrating them into existing healthcare systems, and ongoing maintenance with updates.

Training doctors and staff to use AI in healthcare

Successfully integrating AI into healthcare workflows also demands training for doctors and staff. It will be good if healthcare professionals understand how to interact with AI systems, can interpret their outputs, and integrate AI-driven insights into clinical decision-making. This training can be time-consuming and requires ongoing updates as AI technologies and applications evolve.

Making sure that healthcare professionals are comfortable and proficient in using AI is critical to its successful adoption.

The right technology partner for the Healthcare industry

Thanks to harnessing the power of AI across diverse areas, your healthcare business can become more proactive, personalized, and efficient. This allows you to deliver better patient care from a more sustainable healthcare system.

When faced with the challenges of implementing artificial intelligence in the healthcare sector, working with an experienced software development company such as Polcode can prove invaluable. As a company specializing in providing advanced technological solutions, we at Polcode have both the knowledge and the experience to develop custom solutions for the healthcare industry.

Get to know us better and find out how we can help you.

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